Material science

Material science is an interdisciplinary field of predominantly inorganic material study and engineering.

The field of metallurgy, emphasized in our company, covers an important part of material science where physical and chemical behaviour is frequently studied.

In the process of material production, the interaction of metallic and non-metallic products (inclusions, refractories/ceramics) is often observed and studied through various metallurgical reactions seen in real life production (like high-temperature corrosion and the influence on refractory life of high-temperature aggregates such as EAF and transfer ladles).

A very good example of importance of material science is by observing the ladle steel production with many interactions of slag covers with different basicity related to with various compositions, and metal melts their studies of those effects on refractory wear rates and overall, the study of process metallurgy related to deoxidations, casting temperatures adjustments, non-metallic inclusions modification, and more for solidification studies. Latter all heavily influences inner and outer material qualities such as in the slabs, ingots or similar.


Material science is not reserved only for metals but covers polymers and ceramics. Metals commonly interact with plastics and ceramics. An example is in the plastic moulding industry using chemo-thermal coatings and/or industrial off-line heat-treated tool steels for preventing excessive wear, and corrosion of die cavity die while still obtaining the proper polishability of a tool and good product quality. Using a digital tool book, the input of mechanical properties and other inputs are saved with the continuous count of thermal and mechanical cycles for estimation of fatigue life and prevention of catastrophic failure in the future of the production.

As in the process of hot-deformation behaviour in many fields, interest is given to all the aspects of targeting the needed values like final mechanical and functional properties in the case of properties after ausforming or additional off-line heat treatment operations for example of flat products or forgings concerning the grain size distributions, grain bimodality studies, tailoring basic chemical compositions for pinning the prior grains for cost-effective production, tailoring the production steps by proper database formation of vital thermo-chemical and physical properties and many more. Regardless of the process and material, the properly structured data are vital to be used for any Process optimization of a material/product.

Pro Labor is cooperating with several professional teams from industries and institutes as also with universities across the region with the access to high-tech laboratory equipment for in-depth research for the design of new steels, improvement of current materials being steels or other non-iron materials, failure analysis, material processing, and properties optimization.

Our Research group Pro labor is registered under ARRS (Slovenian Research Agency) with contributions published under SICRIS (Slovenian Current Research Information System). Our experts and researchers are regularly cooperats with metallurgical industries, publishing original papers in international (SCI) journals in the current field of work.



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Podvin 20, 3310 Žalec,
Slovenia, Europe

Mestni trg 7a, 3310 Žalec,
Slovenia, Europe